The problem of the existence of children and parents in V. Stefanyk’s short stories
The article investigates the problem of the existence of children and parents in V. Stefanyk’s short stories.
V. Stefanyk is the author of original, deep in content and artistically perfect socio-psychological novels about the life of the Western Ukrainian
peasantry of the late XIX - early XX centuries. He has an honorable place in the history of Ukrainian literature.
V. Stefanyk did a lot to increase the world fame of Ukrainian literature, to widely publicize its achievements abroad. The writer’s short stories were
highly valued by critics for their great originality, true democracy, realism, truthfulness, social acuity, psychological depth, special lyricism, exceptional
conciseness and artistic excellence.
V. Stefanyk’s short stories, which reveal the theme of the plight of children and parents, are a bunch of anger, hatred of oppressors, a manifestation of filial love for the people and the native land. In these works there is a sad picture of a impoverished Galician village snatched from life, an excited story about the tragic fate of people close to the writer’s heart. The author reproduces the depth of feelings with impressive authenticity, showing the terrible realities of the terrible reality of life.
In his short stories V. Stefanyk describes with great pain and quiet sadness the life and prospects of rural children: mercenary fate, work from dawn to dawn on others, complete dependence on the master, the moneylender, hungry animals, hell in the house, unhappy future. Warmly, tenderly, with deep sympathy, the writer elevates the moral qualities of the child: kindness, obedience, diligence, childlike spontaneity. The cruel world in which Stefanyk’s heroes live does not contribute to the harmonious development of the naturally healthy principles of a poor child, because the very fact of his birth is perceived as a great tragedy. In short stories about the fate of old parents V. Stefanyk reflects the pre-death state of the heroes. In reflecting this state for the writer are quite important psychology of the characters, their inner world, thoughts, experiences, dreams. The novelist subtly and perceptively recreates the flow of mental processes, transitions from one experience to another, the collision of dissimilar feelings. V. Stefanyk attaches special importance to the subconscious sphere of the psyche, which largely determines the degree of self-expression of the characters.
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