Suffixes and suppletion as an operating means in verbal system
The article highlights the main aspects of the study of imperfection of verbs in modern Ukrainian, and investigates the question of the importance of observing the verb during the study of the modern Ukrainian language. The parameters of verbal and nominal verbs reproduction are described. The group of verbose verbs of the Ukrainian language, which has its own peculiarities in its compatibility with suffixes, is distinguished and characterized. The
justification is confirmed by examples. It is concluded that replaceable verbs have their own specificity in the use of means of species correlation, which is due to their word-building structure. Reversible verbs participate in the formation of perforative and imperfect species correlations at the first degree
of speciation, in the second degree of speciation, where the main means of species correlation are the suffixes of imperfection, in prefixal verbal verbs the real form of such suffixes is greater than that of prefixal removable verbs of the finished species.
The purpose of the paper predetermined the use of a set of theoretical and empirical methods. The methods of analysis and synthesis are used, which summarizes and specifies the theoretical principles of the problem research, analyzes and commented on available terminological definitions of the phenomenon of speciation. The method of cultural analysis for the expression of linguistic means in the texts is used.
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